Gynaecomastia or male breast reduction surgery is the most common cosmetic surgery performed in males. Every one in five individual is fighting either with fat deposition or glandular enlargement in the chest.
“Like women, all men have fat and breast, or mammary, gland tissue in their chest but when the size increase significantly, it becomes a cause of concern”, says Board Certified Surgeon Dr Ankur Sood.
Psychological Impact of Gynecomastia in Men
Gynaecomastia does not have any health risk but studies have shown that it can take a toll on mental health of the person. A study conducted by National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) has shown that patients with considerably larger chest are likely to experience anxiety.
Another study has shown that people suffering from gynaecomastia experience “shame and stigma” in the society. Patients often talk about how they have been ridiculed because of the condition.
It was also found that having gynaecomastia was sufficient to cause deficits in physical health, mental health, self-esteem and change in behaviour. The emotional distress can cause the development of body issues like avoidance of exposing the body and depression.
“People always pointed out how I had large breasts. Though they didn’t make fun of me I knew people would look at it”, says one the patients who was operated in Tricity Institute of Plastic Surgery.
What Causes Gynaecomastia?
- Gynaecomastia is not only caused because of excess fat. While excess fat can make the breast look bigger, it’s not the only reason of the condition. This condition is occurs when men develop actual breast tissue.
- Another reason why men have this condition is because of imbalance of hormones. This can be due to increase in the level of estrogen or decrease in testosterone level in the male body.
- Gynaecomastia can also be attributed to many reasons such as hereditary or genetic or the side effects of drug intake. Drugs are estimated to cause 10–25% of cases of gynecomastia.
Raising awareness about the condition can help in removing the stigma surrounding it and empower men to seek out medical intervention, which is the most effective way of treating gynaecomastia. Since the condition can take a toll on the person, it is recommended to seek out help in the early years.
Gynaecomastia is a one day procedure and done under general anesthesia. In this surgery the resistant and stubborn fat will be sucked out. If any gland is there it’s also will be taken out through a very small incision. Chest liposuction is a painless procedure with very minimal side effects such as bruising and swelling. The patient will be discharged in the evening and will be advised to wear a compression jacket for about 3 weeks.